The Motherboard board, also known as the mainboard or the baseboard, is a non-conductive plastic sheet with the necessary circuits. There are sockets or slots providing logistics to all the main elements to work cordially to connect components. Here are some of the different types of motherboards that one must know about:
AT Motherboards have dimensions that are physically large with hundreds of millimetres and are not fit for small computers. As these are physically bigger, they inhibit new driver installations. Power connectors are replaced by sockets and six-pin plugs in these motherboards. These power connectors are not identified quickly, and thus, users will have difficulties connecting and using them.
ATX Motherboards are used in computers and denote extended advanced technology. It was developed in the 1990s by Intel and was the improvised version of AT Motherboard. When compared to AT, it is much smaller in size and provides interchangeable connected components. This is a fantastic marked improvement in the connecting field.
This is a board that has two improvements when compared to the earlier versions. The input and output taken to the backside was the first improvement, whereas the second was to facilitate easy connections and more slots by introducing the Riser card. These are some of the features that were deployed in AT Motherboard. The major disadvantage of this board is that it lacks Accelerated Graphic Port (AGP) slots which led to a connection directly to PCI. NLX boards had addressed the issues in these motherboards.
BTX, also known as Balanced Technique Extended, is intended to manage the technology that is rising in terms of the requirement of more power, and they are the generation of more heat that is being produced. Many major companies like Intel have stopped developing these BTX motherboards in the mid-2000s as they wanted to concentrate more on low power CPUs.
Pico BTX Motherboard
Pico means small, so as the name says, Pico BTX Motherboards are the motherboards that are smaller in size, which has got two expansion slots that are being supported despite developing have them getting shared with the top half of BTX. These have half-height cards or the Riser cards features where it will be helpful for the demands of the applications that are digital.
Mini ITX Motherboard
Mini ITX Motherboard can be called the miniature versions of motherboards when compared to the earlier versions. It was designing the early 2000s and had a 17 × 17cm dimension. It is mainly used in SFF (Small Form Factor) computers because of fast cooling and less consumption. It is primarily preferred in the home theatre domain where the low-level fan noise will be the top priority and also beneficial for the theatre system because of its improvement it enhances in them.